Gabriel Birnbaum, senior researcher at Historical Dictionary Project at Israel's Academy of the Hebrew Language in Jerusalem, shows an old Hebrew text on his personal computer at his office on August 23, 2017. Birnbaum, 66, is a senior researcher helping document and define every Hebrew word ever -- from ancient texts such as the Dead Sea Scrolls to the contemporary novels of Israeli literary figures like Amos Oz. Earlier incarnations of the language were spoken by ancient Jewish communities where the modern state of Israel is located today. After some 1,700 years, it was revived in the late 19th century as part of the push by Zionist Jews to resettle in the lands from where their ancestors fled. / AFP PHOTO / MENAHEM KAHANAMENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images

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