Which Animal Is Smarter: Dogs or Cats?We're guessing that most of you will say dogs are smarter. After all, they come when called. They fetch things. And they recognize words. But you're wrong! Dogs and cats are equally intelligent, the BBC News reports of research from Japan.
It is already well known that dogs can remember specific events in the past, which is called episodic memory and is associated with having a degree of self-awareness. Led by Saho Takagi, a psychologist at Kyoto University, the team wanted to find out if cats had an episodic memory, too.
Forty-nine domestic cats participated in the study, and they unequivocally showed that they remembered 15 minutes later which bowl they had eaten from and which bowl they had not touched. Other tests also showed that the felines were able to respond to human gestures, facial expressions and emotions in a similar way as dogs.
"Cats may be as intelligent as dogs, as opposed to the common view of people that dogs are much smarter," Takagi explained to the BBC News. "An interesting speculation is that they may enjoy actively recalling memories of their experience like humans. Our study may imply a type of consciousness in cats," she added.
In addition, cats may remember for much longer periods than the short time tested in this study.
So what? A greater understanding of our feline companions can help us to establish better cat-human relationships.
The study findings were published in the journal Behavioural Processes.
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